Mysql5.5 install

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binary install

站内信息 Docker mysql

#!/bin/bash
# Author:  linuxsa.org
# BLOG: 


mysql_install_dir=/home/apps/mysql 
mysql_data_dir=/home/apps/mysql/data
Mem=`free -m | awk '/Mem:/{print $2}'`

Install_MySQL55() {
  #pushd ${oneinstack_dir}/src > /dev/null
  #id -u mysql >/dev/null 2>&1
  [ $? -ne 0 ] && useradd -M -s /sbin/nologin mysql

  [ ! -d "${mysql_install_dir}" ] && mkdir -p ${mysql_install_dir}
  

  #if [ "${dbinstallmethod}" == "1" ]; then
    #tar xzf mysql-${mysql55_ver}-linux-glibc2.12-${SYS_BIT_b}.tar.gz
	tar xvf  mysql-5.5.62-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

    #mv mysql-${mysql55_ver}-linux-glibc2.12-${SYS_BIT_b}/* ${mysql_install_dir}
	mv  mysql-5.5.62-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64/*  ${mysql_install_dir}
	
	mkdir -p ${mysql_data_dir};chown mysql.mysql -R ${mysql_data_dir}
	
	#这个没执行
    #sed -i '[email protected] [email protected] mysqld_safe\nexport LD_PRELOAD=/usr/local/lib/[email protected]' ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqld_safe 
    sed -i "[email protected]/usr/local/[email protected]${mysql_install_dir}@g" ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysqld_safe
	

#这个是源码的 跳过	
  elif [ "${dbinstallmethod}" == "2" ]; then
    tar xzf mysql-${mysql55_ver}.tar.gz
    pushd mysql-${mysql55_ver}
    [ "${armplatform}" == "y" ] && patch -p1 < ../mysql-5.5-fix-arm-client_plugin.patch
    cmake . -DCMAKE_INSTALL_PREFIX=${mysql_install_dir} \
    -DMYSQL_DATADIR=${mysql_data_dir} \
    -DSYSCONFDIR=/etc \
    -DWITH_INNOBASE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_PARTITION_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_FEDERATED_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_BLACKHOLE_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_MYISAM_STORAGE_ENGINE=1 \
    -DWITH_READLINE=1 \
    -DWITH_EMBEDDED_SERVER=1 \
    -DENABLE_DTRACE=0 \
    -DENABLED_LOCAL_INFILE=1 \
    -DDEFAULT_CHARSET=utf8mb4 \
    -DDEFAULT_COLLATION=utf8mb4_general_ci \
    -DEXTRA_CHARSETS=all \
    -DCMAKE_EXE_LINKER_FLAGS='-ljemalloc'
    make -j ${THREAD}
    make install
    popd
  fi

#这个if 不成理 
  if [ -d "${mysql_install_dir}/support-files" ]; then
    #sed -i "s+^dbrootpwd.*+dbrootpwd='${dbrootpwd}'+" ../options.conf
    echo "${CSUCCESS}MySQL installed successfully! ${CEND}"
    if [ "${dbinstallmethod}" == "1" ]; then
      rm -rf mysql-${mysql55_ver}-*-${SYS_BIT_b}
    elif [ "${dbinstallmethod}" == "2" ]; then
      rm -rf mysql-${mysql55_ver}
    fi
	
  else
   # rm -rf ${mysql_install_dir}
    #echo "${CFAILURE}MySQL install failed, Please contact the author! ${CEND}"
    kill -9 $$
  fi

  /bin/cp ${mysql_install_dir}/support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld
  sed -i "[email protected]^basedir=.*@basedir=${mysql_install_dir}@" /etc/init.d/mysqld
  sed -i "[email protected]^datadir=.*@datadir=${mysql_data_dir}@" /etc/init.d/mysqld
  chmod +x /etc/init.d/mysqld
  [ "${PM}" == 'yum' ] && { chkconfig --add mysqld; chkconfig mysqld on; }
  [ "${PM}" == 'apt-get' ] && update-rc.d mysqld defaults
  popd

  # my.cnf
  cat > /etc/my.cnf << EOF
[client]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

[mysql]
prompt="MySQL [\\d]> "
no-auto-rehash

[mysqld]
port = 3306
socket = /tmp/mysql.sock

basedir = ${mysql_install_dir}
datadir = ${mysql_data_dir}
pid-file = ${mysql_data_dir}/mysql.pid
user = mysql
bind-address = 0.0.0.0
server-id = 1

init-connect = 'SET NAMES utf8mb4'
character-set-server = utf8mb4

skip-name-resolve
#skip-networking
back_log = 300

max_connections = 1000
max_connect_errors = 6000
open_files_limit = 65535
table_open_cache = 128
max_allowed_packet = 500M
binlog_cache_size = 1M
max_heap_table_size = 8M
tmp_table_size = 16M

read_buffer_size = 2M
read_rnd_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
join_buffer_size = 8M
key_buffer_size = 4M

thread_cache_size = 8

query_cache_type = 1
query_cache_size = 8M
query_cache_limit = 2M

ft_min_word_len = 4

log_bin = mysql-bin
binlog_format = mixed
expire_logs_days = 7

log_error = ${mysql_data_dir}/mysql-error.log
slow_query_log = 1
long_query_time = 1
slow_query_log_file = ${mysql_data_dir}/mysql-slow.log

performance_schema = 0

#lower_case_table_names = 1

skip-external-locking

default_storage_engine = InnoDB
innodb_file_per_table = 1
innodb_open_files = 500
innodb_buffer_pool_size = 64M
innodb_write_io_threads = 4
innodb_read_io_threads = 4
innodb_thread_concurrency = 0
innodb_purge_threads = 1
innodb_flush_log_at_trx_commit = 2
innodb_log_buffer_size = 2M
innodb_log_file_size = 32M
innodb_log_files_in_group = 3
innodb_max_dirty_pages_pct = 90
innodb_lock_wait_timeout = 120

bulk_insert_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_sort_buffer_size = 8M
myisam_max_sort_file_size = 10G
myisam_repair_threads = 1

interactive_timeout = 28800
wait_timeout = 28800

[mysqldump]
quick
max_allowed_packet = 500M

[myisamchk]
key_buffer_size = 8M
sort_buffer_size = 8M
read_buffer = 4M
write_buffer = 4M
EOF

  sed -i "[email protected]_connections.*@max_connections = $((${Mem}/3))@" /etc/my.cnf
  if [ ${Mem} -gt 1500 -a ${Mem} -le 2500 ]; then
    sed -i '[email protected]^thread_cache_size.*@thread_cache_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^query_cache_size.*@query_cache_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^myisam_sort_buffer_size.*@myisam_sort_buffer_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^key_buffer_size.*@key_buffer_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^innodb_buffer_pool_size.*@innodb_buffer_pool_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^tmp_table_size.*@tmp_table_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^table_open_cache.*@table_open_cache = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
  elif [ ${Mem} -gt 2500 -a ${Mem} -le 3500 ]; then
    sed -i '[email protected]^thread_cache_size.*@thread_cache_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^query_cache_size.*@query_cache_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^myisam_sort_buffer_size.*@myisam_sort_buffer_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^key_buffer_size.*@key_buffer_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^innodb_buffer_pool_size.*@innodb_buffer_pool_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^tmp_table_size.*@tmp_table_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^table_open_cache.*@table_open_cache = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
	
  elif [ ${Mem} -gt 3500 ]; then
    sed -i '[email protected]^thread_cache_size.*@thread_cache_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^query_cache_size.*@query_cache_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^myisam_sort_buffer_size.*@myisam_sort_buffer_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^key_buffer_size.*@key_buffer_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^innodb_buffer_pool_size.*@innodb_buffer_pool_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^tmp_table_size.*@tmp_table_size = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
    sed -i '[email protected]^table_open_cache.*@table_open_cache = [email protected]' /etc/my.cnf
  fi

  ${mysql_install_dir}/scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql --basedir=${mysql_install_dir} --datadir=${mysql_data_dir}

echo 'export PATH=/home/apps/mysql/bin/:$PATH' >> /etc/profile && source /etc/profile

  [ "${Wsl}" == true ] && chmod 600 /etc/my.cnf
  chown mysql.mysql -R ${mysql_data_dir}
  [ -d "/etc/mysql" ] && /bin/mv /etc/mysql{,_bk}
  service mysqld start
  #[ -z "$(grep ^'export PATH=' /etc/profile)" ] && echo "export PATH=${mysql_install_dir}/bin:\$PATH" >> /etc/profile
  #[ -n "$(grep ^'export PATH=' /etc/profile)" -a -z "$(grep ${mysql_install_dir} /etc/profile)" ] && sed -i "[email protected]^export PATH=\(.*\)@export PATH=${mysql_install_dir}/bin:\[email protected]" /etc/profile
  . /etc/profile

dbrootpwd=1234Kuycs886Q

  ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql -e "grant all privileges on *.* to [email protected]'127.0.0.1' identified by \"${dbrootpwd}\" with grant option;"
  ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql -e "grant all privileges on *.* to [email protected]'localhost' identified by \"${dbrootpwd}\" with grant option;"
  ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql -uroot -p${dbrootpwd} -e "delete from mysql.user where Password='';"
  ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql -uroot -p${dbrootpwd} -e "delete from mysql.db where User='';"
  ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql -uroot -p${dbrootpwd} -e "delete from mysql.proxies_priv where Host!='localhost';"
  ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql -uroot -p${dbrootpwd} -e "drop database test;"
  ${mysql_install_dir}/bin/mysql -uroot -p${dbrootpwd} -e "reset master;"
  rm -rf /etc/ld.so.conf.d/{mysql,mariadb,percona,alisql}*.conf
  [ -e "${mysql_install_dir}/my.cnf" ] && rm -f ${mysql_install_dir}/my.cnf
  echo "${mysql_install_dir}/lib" > /etc/ld.so.conf.d/z-mysql.conf
  ldconfig
  service mysqld stop
}



##提示的
/home/apps/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root password 'new-password'
/home/apps/mysql/bin/mysqladmin -u root -h 10.3.10.139
172.23.11.139 password 'new-password'

Alternatively you can run:
/home/apps/mysql/bin/mysql_secure_installation

手工

mysql5.5  os debian 10.5 buster

wget -c   https://mirrors.163.com/mysql/Downloads/MySQL-5.5/mysql-5.5.62-linux-glibc2.12-x86_64.tar.gz

apt-get install libaio1



下载解压到 /usr/local/

比较小的配置文件 
cat /etc/my.cnf 
[mysql]
default-character-set=utf8
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

[mysqld]
skip-name-resolve
port = 3306
socket=/var/lib/mysql/mysql.sock

basedir=/usr/local/mysql

datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data

max_connections=200

character-set-server=utf8

default-storage-engine=INNODB

lower_case_table_name=1
max_allowed_packet=16M

cd /usr/local/mysql


 groupadd mysql
 useradd -r -g mysql -s /bin/false mysql

chown -R mysql:mysql ./

 ./scripts/mysql_install_db --user=mysql  --basedir=/usr/local/mysql/ --datadir=/usr/local/mysql/data/
 
 
  chown -R mysql:mysql data
 chown  777 /etc/my.cnf 

cp ./support-files/mysql.server /etc/init.d/mysqld

 chmod  +x  /etc/init.d/mysqld
 
  chkconfig --add mysqld
  mkdir /var/lib/mysql
 chmod 777 /var/lib/mysql
   vim /etc/profile
#放最后面
export PATH=$PATH:/usr/local/mysql/bin

source  /etc/profile

 apt-get install libncurses5-dev libncurses5
 
 
/etc/init.d/mysqld status 
 /etc/init.d/mysqld start 


#这个版本首次没密码 
/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql  -uroot  -p


mysql> set password=password("123457");

#这个有效果  mariadb 10 
SET password for 'root'@'localhost' = password('OPS123456#');





trouble

mysqld: error while loading shared libraries: libaio.so.1: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory

apt-get install libaio1

1. 应该首先去看官方文档,而不是优先看别人的博客。


see also

http://dev.mysql.com/doc/refman/5.5/en/installing.html