Monitoring with prometheus

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==


book

Prometheus操作指南

进阶

以后全改成自己 docker-compose build

prometheus 监控概述(一)有常用监控警告

PromQL 内置函数(三)


prometheus python 库编写自定义指标的方法(完整代码)


promethues + python + flask监控后端服务状态

prometheus python client

使用Python和Flask编写Prometheus监控

python开发prometheus exporter

ins on docker-composer

git clone https://github.com/evan886/docker-compose-monitor.git


https://gitee.com/atompi/PrometheusStackDockerCompose

安全

 node exporter 添加防火墙

curl -Lo /etc/yum.repos.d/_copr_ibotty-prometheus-exporters.repo https://copr.fedorainfracloud.org/coprs/ibotty/prometheus-exporters/repo/epel-7/ibotty-prometheus-exporters-epel-7.repo
# yum install node_exporter

prometheus

Nginx用户密码认证配置 Basic HTTP authentication

不错的书 https://yunlzheng.gitbook.io/prometheus-book/



新型监控告警工具prometheus(普罗米修斯)的入门使用(附视频讲解)

【视频】新型监控告警工具prometheus(普罗米修斯)入门使用(附视频讲解)

为什么说 Prometheus 是足以取代 Zabbix 的监控神器?

基于Prometheus的分布式在线服务监控实践

Prometheus学习系列(十三)之配置解析

usage

Grafana单图表告警邮件&面板图(Dashboard)日报邮件

Recording rules

https://github.com/prometheus/blackbox_exporter/blob/master/blackbox.yml

reload

重新加载配置文件
curl -X POST httP://172.31.248.19:9090/-/reload

grafana

#防火墙   grafana ng 在 10.3.10.10
 firewall-cmd   --permanent --add-rich-rule="rule family="ipv4" source address="10.3.10.10" port protocol="tcp" port="3000" accept "
firewall-cmd --reload


grafana.com Run Grafana Docker image

中文 Node Exporte for Prometheus Dashboard

usage creat-->import --> id 8919

Container


https://grafana.com/grafana/dashboards/11174


docker-grafana/config.env  https://github.com/stefanwalther/docker-grafana/blob/master/config.env  

grafana 添加源和数据

使用Grafana创建可视化Dashboard

Panel plugin not found: grafana-piechart-panel

升级为7.0.0就好了 不过要看其它模板还能用么 

#这个放弃了 是在 6.x系列的  还不好用 
grafana-cli plugins install grafana-piechart-panel

docker-compose  restart  grafana 


执行过程
 grafana-cli plugins install grafana-piechart-panel
installing grafana-piechart-panel @ 1.6.1
from: https://grafana.com/api/plugins/grafana-piechart-panel/versions/1.6.1/download
into: /var/lib/grafana/plugins

✔ Installed grafana-piechart-panel successfully 

Restart grafana after installing plugins . <service grafana-server restart>

[https://github.com/unifi-poller/unifi-poller/issues/248 RESOLVED: Panel plugin not found: table-old ]


Panel plugin not found: grafana-piechart-panel

grafana 添加用户

1.Users-->  2.Invite --> 

3.进行邀请
Email or Username:输入用户邮箱,建议先跟用户名保持相同,然后在后面在写邮箱,后面会说到,这样不会报错
Name:输入用户名
Role:配置用户权限(只读Viewer 编辑Editor 管理员Admin)
Send invite email:勾选时,会将新用户的设置密码的链接发到邮箱

点击创建之后回调到新用户设置密码

 -->

4.创建好之后,点击Pending Invites
复制链接到浏览器的地址栏中访问(也可从邮件中收到链接)
进去之后是下面的界面,这里有个坑,复制的IP地址是localhost,我们这里改为自己搭建的IP地址,然后在Email填写邮箱地址,设置新用户的密码
设置完成后,会直接以新用户身份登陆


http://localhost:3000/invite/PAhyq4gzfA3ugRiw0PH2RC2vsIuSTa

http://a.linuxsa.org/invite/PAhyq4gzfA3ugRiw0PH2RC2vsIuSTa

  -->

grafana的用户及权限的配置

grafana的用户及权限的配置

grafana-利用Google OAuth2 身份验证

ng config

cat gf.conf 
server
{
    listen 80;
    server_name gf.linuxsa.org;
#    access_log  /var/log/nginx/test-nuxt-bcb-blockchain-website.lliao.net.log;
    #error_log /var/log/nginx/test-nux-bcb.evan.error.log;


    client_max_body_size 10m;
  
    location / {
      proxy_pass http://10.3.10.124:3000;
      proxy_http_version 1.1;

#set_real_ip_from 10.0.0.0/8;
#set_real_ip_from 172.16.0.0/12;
#set_real_ip_from 192.168.0.0/16;
#real_ip_header X-Forwarded-For;

        proxy_set_header        Host                 $host;
        proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP            $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For      $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header        X-Remote-Port        $remote_port;
        proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-Proto    $scheme;
        proxy_redirect          off;

          proxy_connect_timeout 1800s;
          proxy_send_timeout 1800s;
          proxy_read_timeout 1800s;



      real_ip_recursive on;
#      real_ip_header X-Forwarded-For;
#      set_real_ip_from 0.0.0.0/0;
#      proxy_set_header Host             $host;
#      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
#      proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;


#proxy_set_header Host             $host:$server_port;
#proxy_set_header    HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR $remote_addr;
#proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

#      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
 #     proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
#      proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
#      proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
    }
}

使用教程

grafana配置与简单使用

Grafana使用教程

grafana数据可视化-使用教程

grafana快速入门

grafana使用教程之基本概念(basic concepts)

Grafana从无到有的一个相当粗略的资料总结


grafana数据可视化-使用教程

Grafana快速入门:InfluxDB数据源以及曲线图表仪表盘配置


Grafana报警


apached conf
##/etc/httpd/conf.d/gf.conf


<VirtualHost *:80>
      ServerName gf.linuxsa.org
      ServerAlias gf.linuxsa.org
     
      ProxyRequests off
     
      <Proxy *>
        Order deny,allow
        Allow from all
      </Proxy>
     
      <Location />
        ProxyPass http://localhost:3000/
        ProxyPassReverse http://localhost:3000/
      </Location>
    </VirtualHost>

vm监控Node-exporter

可以如上的 node Node-exporter

Blackbox

Blackbox exporter

pushgateway

pushgateway

基于Prometheus的Pushgateway实战

https://songjiayang.gitbooks.io/prometheus/content/pushgateway/how.html

Process-exporter

应用监控

redis

prometheus监控Redis集群

pika主备部署(redis-sentinel)+监控(prometheus+grafana)

Prometheus监控 Redis , redis-cli_exporter

监控MQ

Monitoring with Prometheus & Grafana

监控ES

https://github.com/slok/ecs-exporter

docker

Prometheus+grafana监控:cAdvisor输出的容器内存相关的指标的解读

mysql

prometheus 监控之 mysql 篇(含mysql报警规则)

Prometheus MySQL Exporter源码阅读与分析

python + promethues 监控mysql

Spring boot

https://www.bookstack.cn/read/prometheus_practice/application-spring.md


Prometheus基于java开发exporter样例以及pushgateway的应用

ng conf

cat  alert.conf 
server
{
    listen 80;
    server_name alert.com;
#    access_log  /var/log/nginx/test-nuxt-bcb-blockchain-website.lliao.net.log;
    #error_log /var/log/nginx/test-nux-bcb.evan.error.log;


    client_max_body_size 10m;
  
    location / {
  #      auth_basic "Prometheus";
  #      auth_basic_user_file "/usr/local/openresty/nginx/conf/hosts/.htpasswd";
      proxy_pass http://10.3.10.124:9093;
      proxy_http_version 1.1;

#s#et_real_ip_from 10.0.0.0/8;
#set_real_ip_from 172.16.0.0/12;
#set_real_ip_from 192.168.0.0/16;
#real_ip_header X-Forwarded-For;
        proxy_set_header        Host                 $host;
        proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP            $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For      $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header        X-Remote-Port        $remote_port;
        proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-Proto    $scheme;
        proxy_redirect          off;
          proxy_connect_timeout 1800s;
          proxy_send_timeout 1800s;
          proxy_read_timeout 1800s;

      real_ip_recursive on;
#      real_ip_header X-Forwarded-For;
#      set_real_ip_from 0.0.0.0/0;
#      proxy_set_header Host             $host;
#      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
#      proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;


#proxy_set_header Host             $host:$server_port;
#proxy_set_header    HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR $remote_addr;
#proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

#      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
 #     proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
#      proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
#      proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
    }
}



cat  pro.conf 
server
{
    listen 80;
    server_name pro.linuxsa.org;
#    access_log  /var/log/nginx/test-nuxt-bcb-blockchain-website.lliao.net.log;
    #error_log /var/log/nginx/test-nux-bcb.evan.error.log;


    client_max_body_size 10m;
  
    location / {
        auth_basic "Prometheus";
        auth_basic_user_file "/usr/local/openresty/nginx/conf/hosts/.htpasswd";
      proxy_pass http://10.3.10.124:9090;
      proxy_http_version 1.1;

#set_real_ip_from 10.0.0.0/8;
#set_real_ip_from 172.16.0.0/12;
#set_real_ip_from 192.168.0.0/16;
#real_ip_header X-Forwarded-For;

        proxy_set_header        Host                 $host;
        proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP            $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For      $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header        X-Remote-Port        $remote_port;
        proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-Proto    $scheme;
        proxy_redirect          off;

          proxy_connect_timeout 1800s;
          proxy_send_timeout 1800s;
          proxy_read_timeout 1800s;



      real_ip_recursive on;
#      real_ip_header X-Forwarded-For;
#      set_real_ip_from 0.0.0.0/0;
#      proxy_set_header Host             $host;
#      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP $remote_addr;
#      proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;


#proxy_set_header Host             $host:$server_port;
#proxy_set_header    HTTP_X_FORWARDED_FOR $remote_addr;
#proxy_set_header X-NginX-Proxy true;

#      proxy_set_header X-Real-IP        $remote_addr;
 #     proxy_set_header X-Forwarded-For $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
#      proxy_set_header Upgrade $http_upgrade;
#      proxy_set_header Connection "upgrade";
    }
}


cat blackbox.conf 
server
{
    listen 80;
    server_name blackbox.com;
#    access_log  /var/log/nginx/test-nuxt-bcb-blockchain-website.lliao.net.log;
    #error_log /var/log/nginx/test-nux-bcb.evan.error.log;
    client_max_body_size 10m;
    location / {
  #      auth_basic "Prometheus";
  #      auth_basic_user_file "/usr/local/openresty/nginx/conf/hosts/.htpasswd";
      proxy_pass http://10.3.10.124:9115;
      proxy_http_version 1.1;

        proxy_set_header        Host                 $host;
        proxy_set_header        X-Real-IP            $remote_addr;
        proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-For      $proxy_add_x_forwarded_for;
        proxy_set_header        X-Remote-Port        $remote_port;
        proxy_set_header        X-Forwarded-Proto    $scheme;
        proxy_redirect          off;

          proxy_connect_timeout 1800s;
          proxy_send_timeout 1800s;
          proxy_read_timeout 1800s;
      real_ip_recursive on;
    }
}



Alertmanager

教程

prometheus学习系列五: Prometheus配置文件

see also

规划 Prometheus 的存储用量

深入理解监控系统——Prometheus核心特点

prometheus部署node,server以及域名加告警

从零搭建Prometheus监控报警系统

使用prometheus自定义监控

为什么说 Prometheus 是足以取代 Zabbix 的监控神器?

prometheus 监控概述(一)

基于prometheus + grafana + mysql + Telegram 监控告警

为什么我们放弃Zabbix采用Prometheus

容器监控利器 - prometheus在生产落地过程中的思考

Centos7安装Promethus(普罗米修斯)监控系统完整版

Prometheus 的局限 这 30 个坑点不要踩