“Zabbix 4 and 3 LTS安装入门教程”的版本间的差异

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by default install the daemon binaries (zabbix_server, zabbix_agentd, zabbix_proxy) in /usr/local/sbin and the client binaries (zabbix_get, zabbix_sender) in /usr/local/bin.</pre>
 
by default install the daemon binaries (zabbix_server, zabbix_agentd, zabbix_proxy) in /usr/local/sbin and the client binaries (zabbix_get, zabbix_sender) in /usr/local/bin.</pre>
  
 +
===4.0图像显示字体乱码的解决方法===
 +
<pre>
 +
 +
#传输字体
 +
cp  /root/STKAITI.TTF  /usr/share/zabbix/assets/fonts
 +
 
 +
#修改 指定的字体 或者直接把你的家体改成和默认同名,而默认的那个先删除 连重启都不用 反正在docker
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  grep  -rn  BX_GRAPH_FONT_NAM  /usr/share/zabbix/include/defines.inc.php
 +
67:define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME', 'DejaVuSans'); // font file name
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 +
修改
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define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME',          'simkai'); 
 +
</pre>
 
===zabbix-get===
 
===zabbix-get===
 
<pre>
 
<pre>

2019年11月8日 (五) 10:32的最新版本

zabbix server

pre

这些是官网官方安装文档,记得一定要看

https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/3.0/manual/installation/install

https://www.zabbix.org/wiki/InstallOnCentOS_RHEL

wget -c https://jaist.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Stable/3.0.8/zabbix-3.0.8.tar.gz
wget -c http://tenet.dl.sourceforge.net/project/zabbix/ZABBIX%20Latest%20Stable/2.2.13/zabbix-2.2.13.tar.gz

#配置php变量

vi /etc/php.ini
date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai
post_max_size = 32M
max_execution_time = 300
max_input_time = 300
注:更改完之后需要重启nginx和php

#安装zabbix所需的组件

yum -y install net-snmp-devel curl-devel
#yum -y install curl curl-devel net-snmp net-snmp-devel perl-DBI php-gd php-xml php-bcmath
groupadd zabbix && useradd -g zabbix zabbix
tar xvf zabbix-3.0.8.tar.gz && cd zabbix-3.0.8
#tar xvf zabbix-2.2.13.tar.gz && cd zabbix-2.2.13

#./configure –enable-server –enable-agent –with-mysql –enable-ipv6 –with-net-snmp –with-libcurl –with-libxml2

##或者默认安装路径 make是不用的
./configure --sysconfdir=/etc/zabbix --enable-server --enable-proxy --enable-agent --with-mysql=/usr/local/mysql/bin/mysql_config --with-net-snmp --with-libcurl --with-libxml2 && make install

添加zabbix服务对应的端口(可以省略,但是官方建议有)

cat >>/etc/services<< EOF
zabbix-agent 10050/tcp #Zabbix Agent
zabbix-agent 10050/udp #Zabbix Agent
zabbix-trapper 10051/tcp #Zabbix Trapper
zabbix-trapper 10051/udp #Zabbix Trapper
EOF

配置文件

##好像是这个起效果的呢 –sysconfdir=/etc/zabbix 有这个,不用下面的命令了
#vim /usr/local/etc/zabbix_server.conf
#cd zabbix-2.0.7

#mkdir /etc/zabbix
#cp conf/*.conf /etc/zabbix

mkdir /var/log/zabbix ;chown zabbix:zabbix /var/log/zabbix;


#zabbix web代码
mkdir -p /data/www/zabbix;
cp -r frontends/php/* /data/www/zabbix

修改zabbix连接的数据库的用户名和密码
vi /etc/zabbix/zabbix_server.conf

DBHost=127.0.0.1
DBName=zabbix
DBUser=zabbix
DBPassword='123'
DBPort=3306 #如果数据库是用sock文件的方式,这里可以是sock文件的路径

添加数据库Lib文件位置到/etc/ld.so.conf中,并使其生效
echo ‘/usr/local/mysql/lib/mysql/’ >> /etc/ld.so.conf

ldconfig

为zabbix的启动、关闭和重启的脚本文件做链接,方便系统可以找得到

给zabbix服务端程序做软链接 我用默认的config 应该是不用的
cd /usr/local/zabbix/bin/
for i in *;do ln -s /usr/local/zabbix/bin/${i} /usr/bin/${i};done
cd /usr/local/zabbix/sbin/
for i in *;do ln -s /usr/local/zabbix/sbin/${i} /usr/sbin/${i};done

拷贝zabbix服务端和客户端启动脚本到/etc/init.d目录下.
cd misc/init.d/
cp fedora/core/zabbix_server /etc/init.d/
cp fedora/core/zabbix_agentd /etc/init.d/
chmod +x /etc/init.d/zabbix_agentd
chmod +x /etc/init.d/zabbix_server

3 Create Zabbix database

SQL scripts are provided for creating database schema and inserting the dataset
#https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/3.0/manual/appendix/install/db_scripts
#https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/2.2/manual/appendix/install/db_scripts

mysql>create database zabbix character set utf8 collate utf8_bin;;grant all on zabbix.* to zabbix@localhost identified by '123';flush privileges;

将zabbix源码包中的数据导入到新建的zabbix数据库
##这个和老的版本有点不同 第一个是zabbix的数据库表结构,要先导入。

. /etc/profile
cd ../..
mysql -uroot -p'evan' zabbix< database/mysql/schema.sql
mysql -uroot -p'evan' zabbix< database/mysql/images.sql
mysql -uroot -p'evan' zabbix< database/mysql/data.sql

vi /etc/init.d/zabbix_server # 的可以不改,修改一下变量的值 因为我是默认用 configure
# base zabbix dir
BASEDIR=/usr/local
# binary file
ZABBIX_SUCKERD=$BASEDIR/sbin/zabbix_server<pre>

===fping的安装和使用详解===
<pre>http://rickie622.blog.163.com/blog/static/2123881120121121111720941/
http://netsecurity.51cto.com/art/201101/242200.htm
#当然 下载zip包也是可以的
git clone https://github.com/schweikert/fping.git
cd fping
./autogen.sh
./configure
make -j2 && make install

#修改一下配置文件
vim /etc/zabbix_server.conf
#vim /usr/local/etc/zabbix_server.conf
FpingLocation=/usr/local/sbin/fping

启动zabbix,并且添加开机自启动

service zabbix_server start
service zabbix_agentd start #启动服务

chkconfig zabbix_server on
chkconfig zabbix_agentd on #开机自启动

在Nginx服务中添加zabbix虚拟主机
#vim /usr/local/nginx/conf/vhosts/monitor.conf

这些都不要,不然没有web安装向导的
#cd zabbix/conf
#cp zabbix.conf.php.example zabbix.conf.php ;
#chmod 777 zabbix.conf.php

iptables -I INPUT -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT

zabbix server is not running
Zabbix Server is not running: the information displayed may not be current
http://song49.blog.51cto.com/4480450/1200151

(4)设置zabbix服务IP和端口,name可以忽略

ps:
post_max_size = 16M
PHP option “max_execution_time” 30 300 Fail
PHP option “max_input_time” 60 300 Fail
PHP option “date.timezone” unknown Fai
date.timezone = Asia/Shanghai

PHP option “always_populate_raw_post_data” must be set to “-1”

port 10051

Zabbix frontend is ready! The default user name is Admin, password zabbix.

超级用户密码修改

2.2 用户名第一个字母要大写 也就是Admin
默认的用户名:admin 密码:zabbix

哪里改登录用户和密码呢
use zabbix;
select userid,alias,passwd from users; #查看

+--------+------------+----------------------------------+
| userid | alias      | passwd                           |
+--------+------------+----------------------------------+
|      1 | Admin      | 5fce1b3e34b520afeffb37ce08c7cd66 |


#如果为zabbix 3.0  直接这样就行了 
update users set passwd=MD5('12345') where userid=1;


#zabbix 2.x 
重新开个终端,生成一个MD5加密的密码,这里密码设置的是redhat

[root@localhost ~]# echo -n 12345678 |openssl md5 #-n就表示不输入回车符,不加-n,否则就不是这个结果了。
(stdin)= 25d55ad283aa400af464c76d713c07ad

接着上面的为admin用户设定一个密码

mysql> update users set passwd='25d55ad283aa400af464c76d713c07ad' where userid = '1';
#或者直接使用update users set passwd=md5(“12345678”) where userid=’1′;
Query OK, 1 row affected (0.01 sec)
Rows matched: 1 Changed: 1 Warnings: 0

mysql> flush privileges;
Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.01 sec)

mysql> quit
Bye

zabbix登陆账户admin密码修改
http://pvbutler.blog.51cto.com/7662323/1734003

yum install ntp ntpdate -y
chkconfig ntpd on
/etc/init.d/ntpd start

*/30 * * * * /usr/sbin/ntpdate pool.ntp.org

在29行这后添加
sed -i ’29a user=mysql’ /etc/my.cnf
sed -i ’29a character-set-server=utf8′ /etc/my.cnf
sed -i ’29ainnodb_file_per_table=1′ /etc/my.cnf
重启mysqld

防火墙设置

这个要看一下先,尽量用严格些的防火墙设置

#on zabbix-agent

iptables -A INPUT -s zabbixserverip  -p tcp -m tcp --dport 10050 -m comment --comment "zabbix_server listen " -j ACCEPT 
#iptables -A INPUT -s zabbixserverip  -p tcp -m tcp --dport 10050 -m comment --comment "zabbix_agentd listen " -j ACCEPT 

#这下面的防火墙rule 不要用 
vi /etc/sysconfig/iptables
-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 22 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 80 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 10050 -j ACCEPT
-A INPUT -m state –state NEW -m tcp -p tcp –dport 10051 -j ACCEPT

/etc/init.d/iptables restart

中文在右上角的用户里面哦

Starting php_fpm /usr/local/php/bin/php-cgi: error while loading shared libraries: libiconv.so.2: cannot open shared object file: No such file or directory
failed

by default install the daemon binaries (zabbix_server, zabbix_agentd, zabbix_proxy) in /usr/local/sbin and the client binaries (zabbix_get, zabbix_sender) in /usr/local/bin.

4.0图像显示字体乱码的解决方法


#传输字体
 cp  /root/STKAITI.TTF  /usr/share/zabbix/assets/fonts
  
 #修改 指定的字体 或者直接把你的家体改成和默认同名,而默认的那个先删除 连重启都不用 反正在docker
  grep  -rn  BX_GRAPH_FONT_NAM   /usr/share/zabbix/include/defines.inc.php
67:define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME',		'DejaVuSans'); // font file name

修改
define('ZBX_GRAPH_FONT_NAME',           'simkai');  

zabbix-get

root@zabbix-server ~]#zabbix_get  -s 10.3.10.139 -k "system.hostname"
dev-hello-market


不过使用zabbix_get时必须开启客户端被动模式,要求暴露客户端监听端口。

自动化监控--zabbix-get安装使用详解

第二 agent

#4.0 #centos7 快速安装和自动配置 2019年 8月23日 星期五 11时45分01秒 CST

#国外
rpm -ivh http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm

#国内
https://mirrors.aliyun.com/zabbix/zabbix/4.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-4.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm

yum install zabbix-agent -y

yum install ntp  -y
timedatectl set-ntp true

HOSTNAME=prod-java-02

#config
sed -i "s/^Server=127.0.0.1/Server=172.16.1.9/ " /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

sed -i "s/^ServerActive=127.0.0.1/ServerActive=172.16.1.9/"  /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
sed  -i "s/^Hostname=Zabbix server/Hostname=test-market/"  /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf



#这个用了HOSTNAME 变量  而上面的要指定hostname
sed  -i 's/127.0.0.1/23.67.81.95/g'  /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
sed  -i "s/Hostname=Zabbix server/Hostname=${HOSTNAME}/g"  /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
grep "^\s*[^# \t].*$" /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

systemctl  enable  zabbix-agent.service
systemctl restart zabbix-agent


下面是老的信息 和解说

cat /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
Hostname=主机名
Server=zabbix server ip
LogFile= 可以不改

##最好这样3个
Server=10.6.1.181
ServerActive=10.6.1.181
Hostname=zabbix-client-1


#rpm -ivh http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/3.0/rhel/6/x86_64/zabbix-release-3.0-1.el6.noarch.rpm
#rpm -ivh http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/2.2/rhel/6/x86_64/zabbix-release-2.2-1.el6.noarch.rpm
#http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/2.0/rhel/5/x86_64/zabbix-release-2.0-1.el5.noarch.rpm


rpm -ivh http://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/3.0/rhel/7/x86_64/zabbix-release-3.0-1.el7.noarch.rpm

 

agent on debian

#用系统的源 
 apt-get install zabbix-agent


#config 其实和yum的也一样 只是启动不一样而已
HOSTNAME=wiki
sed -i "s/^Server=127.0.0.1/Server=207.148.106.229/ " /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

sed -i "s/^ServerActive=127.0.0.1/ServerActive=207.148.106.229/"  /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf
sed  -i "s/^Hostname=Zabbix server/Hostname=wiki/"  /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

grep "^\s*[^# \t].*$" /etc/zabbix/zabbix_agentd.conf

service zabbix-agent start


 zabbix_get -s 138.68.59.0 -k "system.hostname"


#用zbx的源
  https://repo.zabbix.com/zabbix/4.0/debian/pool/main/z/zabbix-release/zabbix-release_4.0-3+buster_all.deb        
dpkg -i zabbix-release_stretch_all.deb
# apt-get update

https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/3.2/manual/installation/install_from_packages/repository_installation

https://www.zabbix.com/documentation/4.0/zh/manual/installation/install_from_packages/rhel_centos#%E5%AE%89%E8%A3%85_agent

docker zabbix

用 Zabbix 和 Docker 搭建监控平台

故障及回顾

问题1.  zabbix server 没有打开 10051端口 前端图形没显示 

版本zabbix 2.2 



没有看到 10051 是因为  

DBPassword=‘123’ 改为 DBPassword=123


日志查看 
 tail  /tmp/zabbix_server.log

14659:20170525:171042.257 [Z3001] connection to database 'zabbix' failed: [1045] Access denied for user 'zabbix'@'localhost' (using password: YES)


正确如下 
[root@ zabbix]# netstat  -nlpt 
Active Internet connections (only servers)
Proto Recv-Q Send-Q Local Address               Foreign Address             State       PID/Program name   
tcp        0      0 0.0.0.0:10051

参考

Install Zabbix Monitoring Server and Agent on Debian


Zabbix 3.0 详解:从添加主机到发送报警通知

Zabbix监控系统 (3) 之 添加自定义监控项目、配置邮件告警、测试告警

http://blog.linuxchina.net/?p=1711

Zabbix 3.0 with apache安装笔记

【zabbix】自定义监控项key值


zabbix添加自定义py脚本