“Nginx安装Let’s Encrypt免费SSL证书 on freebsd”的版本间的差异

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 +
=debian 10  201911=
 +
== Install Certbot ==
 +
<pre>
 +
sudo apt-get install certbot python-certbot-nginx
 +
 +
 +
</pre>
 +
 +
 +
== just get a certificate==
 +
<pre>
 +
 +
#注意 这个不是泛域名的呢  我要 wiki 其它有空再搞
 +
# sudo certbot certonly --nginx
 +
Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log
 +
Plugins selected: Authenticator nginx, Installer nginx
 +
Enter email address (used for urgent renewal and security notices) (Enter 'c' to
 +
cancel): evan886@gmail.com
 +
 +
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 +
Please read the Terms of Service at
 +
https://letsencrypt.org/documents/LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must
 +
agree in order to register with the ACME server at
 +
https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
 +
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 +
(A)gree/(C)ancel: A
 +
 +
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 +
Would you be willing to share your email address with the Electronic Frontier
 +
Foundation, a founding partner of the Let's Encrypt project and the non-profit
 +
organization that develops Certbot? We'd like to send you email about our work
 +
encrypting the web, EFF news, campaigns, and ways to support digital freedom.
 +
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 +
(Y)es/(N)o: Y
 +
 +
Which names would you like to activate HTTPS for?
 +
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 +
1: linuxchina.net
 +
2: blog.linuxchina.net
 +
3: wiki.linuxchina.net
 +
4: www.linuxchina.net
 +
5: linuxsa.org
 +
6: www.linuxsa.org
 +
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
 +
Select the appropriate numbers separated by commas and/or spaces, or leave input
 +
blank to select all options shown (Enter 'c' to cancel): 1
 +
Obtaining a new certificate
 +
Performing the following challenges:
 +
http-01 challenge for linuxchina.net
 +
Waiting for verification...
 +
Cleaning up challenges
 +
 +
IMPORTANT NOTES:
 +
- Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:
 +
  /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net/fullchain.pem
 +
  Your key file has been saved at:
 +
  /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net/privkey.pem
 +
  Your cert will expire on 2020-02-29. To obtain a new or tweaked
 +
  version of this certificate in the future, simply run certbot
 +
  again. To non-interactively renew *all* of your certificates, run
 +
  "certbot renew"
 +
- Your account credentials have been saved in your Certbot
 +
  configuration directory at /etc/letsencrypt. You should make a
 +
  secure backup of this folder now. This configuration directory will
 +
  also contain certificates and private keys obtained by Certbot so
 +
  making regular backups of this folder is ideal.
 +
- If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:
 +
 +
  Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:  https://letsencrypt.org/donate
 +
  Donating to EFF:                    https://eff.org/donate-le
 +
 +
 +
</pre>
 +
== automatic renewal==
 +
  sudo certbot renew --dry-run
 +
 +
==see also==
 +
https://certbot.eff.org/lets-encrypt/debianbuster-nginx
 +
 +
=2018=
 
==第零==
 
==第零==
 
这里最了的办法了,不用再去理其它了,昨天就看了别的 搞了半天s呀 20170627
 
这里最了的办法了,不用再去理其它了,昨天就看了别的 搞了半天s呀 20170627
第10行: 第90行:
 
certbot certonly --standalone -d wiki.linuxchina.net  -d blog.linuxchina.net  
 
certbot certonly --standalone -d wiki.linuxchina.net  -d blog.linuxchina.net  
 
</pre>
 
</pre>
 +
 
==自动更新证书==
 
==自动更新证书==
 
<pre>
 
<pre>

2019年12月1日 (日) 07:13的最新版本

 

debian 10 201911

Install Certbot

sudo apt-get install certbot python-certbot-nginx



just get a certificate


#注意 这个不是泛域名的呢  我要 wiki 其它有空再搞 
# sudo certbot certonly --nginx
Saving debug log to /var/log/letsencrypt/letsencrypt.log
Plugins selected: Authenticator nginx, Installer nginx
Enter email address (used for urgent renewal and security notices) (Enter 'c' to
cancel): evan886@gmail.com

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Please read the Terms of Service at
https://letsencrypt.org/documents/LE-SA-v1.2-November-15-2017.pdf. You must
agree in order to register with the ACME server at
https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(A)gree/(C)ancel: A

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Would you be willing to share your email address with the Electronic Frontier
Foundation, a founding partner of the Let's Encrypt project and the non-profit
organization that develops Certbot? We'd like to send you email about our work
encrypting the web, EFF news, campaigns, and ways to support digital freedom.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
(Y)es/(N)o: Y

Which names would you like to activate HTTPS for?
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
1: linuxchina.net
2: blog.linuxchina.net
3: wiki.linuxchina.net
4: www.linuxchina.net
5: linuxsa.org
6: www.linuxsa.org
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Select the appropriate numbers separated by commas and/or spaces, or leave input
blank to select all options shown (Enter 'c' to cancel): 1
Obtaining a new certificate
Performing the following challenges:
http-01 challenge for linuxchina.net
Waiting for verification...
Cleaning up challenges

IMPORTANT NOTES:
 - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at:
   /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net/fullchain.pem
   Your key file has been saved at:
   /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net/privkey.pem
   Your cert will expire on 2020-02-29. To obtain a new or tweaked
   version of this certificate in the future, simply run certbot
   again. To non-interactively renew *all* of your certificates, run
   "certbot renew"
 - Your account credentials have been saved in your Certbot
   configuration directory at /etc/letsencrypt. You should make a
   secure backup of this folder now. This configuration directory will
   also contain certificates and private keys obtained by Certbot so
   making regular backups of this folder is ideal.
 - If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:

   Donating to ISRG / Let's Encrypt:   https://letsencrypt.org/donate
   Donating to EFF:                    https://eff.org/donate-le


automatic renewal

 sudo certbot renew --dry-run

see also

https://certbot.eff.org/lets-encrypt/debianbuster-nginx

2018

第零

这里最了的办法了,不用再去理其它了,昨天就看了别的 搞了半天s呀 20170627

今天用了另外一个方法 20170125

pkg install py27-certbot

certbot certonly --standalone -d wiki.linuxchina.net  -d blog.linuxchina.net 

自动更新证书

#!/bin/sh
service nginx stop  && certbot renew && service nginx start

#这个是别人的写法 也是不错 
echo '0 3 * */2 * certbot renew --pre-hook "service nginx stop" --post-hook "service nginx start"' >certbot-auto-renew-cron
crontab certbot-auto-renew-cron

说明 --pre-hook 这个参数表示执行更新操作之前要做的事情,因为我有 --standalone 模式的证书,所以需要 停止 nginx 服务,解除端口占用。 --post-hook 这个参数表示执行更新操作完成后要做的事情,这里就恢复 nginx 服务的启用

https://certbot.eff.org/#freebsd-nginx https://my.oschina.net/u/2328699/blog/829503

第一

单域名

 
#这是老办法了
 git clone https://github.com/letsencrypt/letsencrypt
 cd letsencrypt
 ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --standalone --email evan886@gmail.com -d linuxchina.net  -d www.linuxchina.net  --debug 

泛域名

#泛域名 注xxx.com请根据自己的域名自行更改  要续期的话,执行certbot-auto renew就可以了
./certbot-auto --server https://acme-v02.api.letsencrypt.org/directory  --email evan886@gmail.com -d "*.linuxchina.net" --manual --preferred-challenges dns-01 certonly
 

泛域名申请参考

申请Let's Encrypt通配符HTTPS证书

Let's Encrypt 泛域名证书申请及配置

Let's Encrypt 泛域名证书签发成功啦

Let's Encrypt 使用教程,免费的SSL证书

使用acme.sh脚本申请Let’s Encrypt 泛域名SSL证书

第二、Let’s Encrypt免费SSL证书获取与应用

在完成Let’s Encrypt证书的生成之后,我们会在”/etc/letsencrypt/live/yourdomain/”域名目录下有4个文件就是生成的密钥证书文件。<br/> cert.pem – Apache服务器端证书<br/> chain.pem – Apache根证书和中继证书
#我们重点的是关注这个 
fullchain.pem – Nginx所需要ssl_certificate文件
privkey.pem – 安全证书KEY文件

ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net/fullchain.pem;
ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net/privkey.pem;

 #90天后自动更新 好像不行,有交互界面的 
 * * */90 * * /data/mon/autossl

 详细的nginx https配置文件
 #4 blog 
    server {
        listen       80;
       # listen [::]:80 ipv6only=on default_server;
        listen 443 default ssl;
       #listen [::]:80;
       #ssl on;
        ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net/fullchain.pem;
        ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net/privkey.pem;

       server_name  linuxchina.net www.linuxchina.net;

 #by evan
    if ($scheme = http) {
           return 301 https://$server_name$request_uri;
    } 
 #by evan
    #    server_name  blog.linuxchina.net;
        charset utf-8;
          root /data/www/evan;
        index index.php index.html index.htm;

注意:
ssl on 不要打开 ,不然会400

重新更新key  现在可以用更加简单的了 ,见文章最前面
 #/bin/sh 
 cd /data/www/ssl/letsencrypt
 #git clone https://github.com/letsencrypt/letsencrypt
 ./letsencrypt-auto certonly --renew-by-default --email evan886@gmail.com  -d linuxchina.net  -d www.linuxchina.net --debug

trouble shooting

IMPORTANT NOTES:<br/>  - Congratulations! Your certificate and chain have been saved at<br/>    /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net-0001/fullchain.pem. Your cert<br/>    will expire on 2017-03-13. To obtain a new or tweaked version of<br/>    this certificate in the future, simply run letsencrypt-auto again.<br/>    To non-interactively renew *all* of your certificates, run<br/>    "letsencrypt-auto renew"<br/>  - If you like Certbot, please consider supporting our work by:

 ssl_certificate /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net-0001/<br/>  ssl_certificate_key /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net-0001/ fullchain.pem ;  

删除原来的再把新生成的复制到原来的位置<br/> cp /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net-0001/privkey.pem .<br/> cp /etc/letsencrypt/live/linuxchina.net-0001/fullchain.pem .<br/>  


参考

相关参考文档

这个官方的教程比较好 其实
https://certbot.eff.org/#freebsd-nginx

安装文档 
https://github.com/certbot/certbot

http://stackoverflow.com/questions/8768946/dealing-with-nginx-400-the-plain-http-request-was-sent-to-https-port-error

实战申请Let’s Encrypt永久免费SSL证书过程教程及常见问题
http://www.laozuo.org/7676.html

Let’s Encrypt SSL证书配置
http://www.jianshu.com/p/eaac0d082ba2#

申请Let's Encrypt通配符HTTPS证书