“FreeBSD桌面初始化”的版本间的差异

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更新ports
Browsers
第782行: 第782行:
  
 
==Browsers==
 
==Browsers==
<pre>pkg install   chromium  firefox #这个在配置那里就可以选择 add 中文  
+
<pre>pkg install midori falkon  chromium  firefox #这个在配置那里就可以选择 add 中文  
 +
 
 +
falkon
 +
ld-elf.so.1: /usr/local/lib/qt5/libQt5Core.so.5: version Qt_5.13 required by /usr/local/bin/falkon not found
 +
 
 +
 
 +
 
  
 
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/desktop-browsers.html
 
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/desktop-browsers.html

2019年10月10日 (四) 11:25的版本

用户需知


FreeBSD11  FreeBSD12


今天在家成功安装了freebsd12  并连上wifi  freebsd11连不上

现在双硬盘也是成功的 1t 作为了home  昨天的安装好了 再mount硬盘居然是不行的,一开机就死了了,不过现在是GPT加bios 兼容模式
gnome3 to leav  xfce is good for use

桌面用户如何?以后搞个在自己家的PC ?

如果你读过我的TrueOS 评论并且有兴趣尝试使用桌面 BSD 或已经使用 TrueOS,请不要担心(这对于生活来说也是一个很好的建议)。TrueOS 的所有桌面元素都将剥离到 Project Trident。目前,Project Trident 网站的细节不多。他们仿佛还在进行剥离的幕后工作。

如果你目前拥有 TrueOS,则无需担心迁移。TrueOS 团队表示,“对于那些希望迁移到其他基于 FreeBSD 的发行版,如 Project Trident 或 GhostBSD 的人而言将会有迁移方式。

TrueOS不再想要成为“桌面 BSD”了


TW的文档是新式,天朝的太老了 https://www.freebsd.org/doc/zh_TW.UTF-8/books/handbook/index.html

freebsd12 on elitebook 问题

1. 中文输入法老是调不出来 无论是fcitx ibus scim

2. lxqt 界面 会假死,虽然在远程还可以ssh


pre-configure

Pkg源地址更换为USTC:

官方源配置是 /etc/pkg/FreeBSD.conf ,请先检查该文件内容。注意其中的 url 参数配置了官方仓库的地址,我们需要把它替换为镜像站的地址。 该配置文件是 FreeBSD 基本系统的一部分,会随着 freebsd-update 更新,请不要直接修改,而是创建 /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/FreeBSD.conf 覆盖配置,文件内容如下:

FreeBSD: {
url: "pkg+http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/freebsd-pkg/${ABI}/quarterly",
}
如果要使用滚动更新的 latest 仓库,把 url 配置最后的 quarterly 换成 latest 即可。 修改配置后,运行 pkg update -f 更新索引。

configure start

0基本系统已安装 没有gui

安装freebsd

freebsd 添加用户

字体

cd /usr/ports/x11-fonts/wqy
make install clean
#没有字体 显示中文时为乱码

编辑/usr/local/etc/fonts/conf.d/85-wqy.conf这个文件,找到下面这两行(应该在第99、100行):

<test name="size" compare="less_eq"><int>16</int></test>
<edit name="antialias" mode="assign"><bool>false</bool></edit>
把less_eq后面的int值从16改成8即可。这两行的意思是对于所有小于16号的字体都禁用抗锯齿(match居然写的target=”font”,匹配了所有字体),一个最简单的workaround就是把禁用抗锯齿的字号改小一点,8号是个不错的值,因为太小的字用抗锯齿反而会模糊。

这样字体就美美的 

https://www.librehat.com/solve-freebsd-dragonflybsd-font-antialiasing-settings-invalid-issues/ https://www.freebsdchina.org/forum/viewtopic.php?p=291166&sid=3b2dad0b46fafdb9a54757d673fef516


xorg GUI 开始

pkg install xorg


pkg install xf86-video-intel​​​​​​​

pkg  install xrandr

/etc/rc.conf
hald_enable="YES"
dbus_enable="YES"


pkg install gdm   #  gnome3-lite #gnome3 有点显卡闪屏

slim

pkg install -y slim-themes slim
/usr/local/etc/slim.conf
#sessiondir   /usr/local/share/xsessions
# ...
current_theme fbsd

ls  /usr/local/share/slim/themes/
archlinux-simple    fbsd                gentoo-simple       mindlock            scotland-road
capernoited         fingerprint         gnewsense           parallel-dimensions subway
debian-moreblue     flat                lake                rainbow             wave
default             flower2             lunar               rear-window         zenwalk



usage

单用户环境
要将SLiM配置为加载某个特定的环境,只需编辑~/.xinitrc 如下:

#!/bin/sh

#
# ~/.xinitrc
#
# Executed by startx (run your window manager from here)
#

exec [session-command]
将[session-command]替换为适当的会话命令。例如:

exec awesome
exec dwm
exec startfluxbox
exec fvwm2
exec gnome-session
exec openbox-session
exec startkde
exec startlxde
exec startxfce4
exec enlightenment_start

https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/SLiM_(%E7%AE%80%E4%BD%93%E4%B8%AD%E6%96%87)

https://www.c0ffee.net/blog/freebsd-on-a-laptop/#slim

xfce


pkg install xfce 

 cat .xinitrc
. /usr/local/etc/xdg/xfce4/xinitrc
#ck-launch-session /usr/local/bin/startlxqt
#exec awesome
export LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8
export LANGUAGE=zh_CN.UTF-8.UTF-8
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8.UTF-8
#fcitx &

 cat /etc/rc.conf
hostname="bsdelite.linuxsa.org"
#wlans_iwm0="wlan0"
#ifconfig_wlan0="WPA DHCP"
sshd_enable="YES"
dbus_enable="YES"
hald_enable="YES"
# Set dumpdev to "AUTO" to enable crash dumps, "NO" to disable
dumpdev="AUTO"
ifconfig_em0="DHCP"
slim_enable="yes"
defaultrouter="192.168.10.1"

fcitx wubi  在xfce 是成功的

lxqt

pkg install lxqt    # sudo pkg delete lxqt # 输入法不好用 老调不出来  放弃

https://wiki.freebsd.org/LXQt

awesome

pkg install awesome
# cp /usr/local/etc/xdg/awesome/rc.lua .config/awesome/ #这个不要,我们后面会操作的 在配置里面
echo "exec awesome" >> .xinitrc
chmod +x ~/.xinitrc

时间设置

先用bsdconfig-->network -->  不行再date 

date 201908122145
2019年 8月12日 星期一 21时45分00秒 CST

xrand

#at  elitebook
 xrandr --output DP2 --same-as   eDP1  --mode 1366x768  --output DP2 --mode 1920x1080

#I3只有这个有效果  上面那个 是完全 只有一半 感觉没有了另外一半  哈哈 
xrandr --output DP2      --mode 1920x1080    --output eDP1 --off




#at 神舟
#xrandr --output HDMI-1 --same-as   LVDS-1  --mode 1366x768  --output HDMI-1 --mode 1920x1080

##kali 
#on home
# if vga on home   24 1920*1080
#xrandr --output VGA-1 --same-as   LVDS-1  --mode 1366x768  --output VGA-1 --mode 1920x1080

#if hdmi on home
#xrandr --output HDMI-1 --same-as   LVDS-1  --mode 1366x768  --output HDMI-1 --mode 1920x1080
#只开启外外接显示器
xrandr --output  HDMI-1  --mode 1920x1080 --output LVDS-1 --off

#HDMI-1 connected 1920x1080+0+0 (normal left inverted right x axis y axis) 527mm x 296mm

#xrandr --output HDMI-1  --same-as   --mode 1366x768  --output HDMI-1 --mode 1920x1080+0+0 
# on work
#xrandr --output VGA1  --same-as LVDS1 --mode  1920x1080  --output LVDS1 --mode 1366x768


wifi


首先 安装freebsd12 时,就选择wifi连接网络,不要插网线 

Add an entry for this network to /etc/wpa_supplicant.conf. If the file does not exist, create it. 

network={
	ssid="myssid"
	psk="mypsk"
}

Add entries to /etc/rc.conf to configure the network on startup:

wlans_ath0="wlan0"
ifconfig_wlan0="WPA SYNCDHCP"


Restart the computer, or restart the network service to connect to the network:

# service netif restar

https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/network-wireless.html

显示器 之亮度 及双显示器


#我的
root@bsd-latop:~ # sudo kldload acpi_video; sudo sysctl hw.acpi.video.crt0.brightness=30
hw.acpi.video.crt0.brightness: 80 -> 30

查看
 sysctl hw.acpi.video

hw.acpi.video.out2.active: 1
hw.acpi.video.out1.active: 1
hw.acpi.video.out0.active: 1
hw.acpi.video.ext2.active: 1
hw.acpi.video.ext1.active: 1
hw.acpi.video.ext0.active: 1
hw.acpi.video.lcd0.active: 1
hw.acpi.video.crt0.levels: 80 50 0 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20 21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60 61 62 63 64 65 66 67 69 69 70 71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80 81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90 91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100
hw.acpi.video.crt0.economy: 50
hw.acpi.video.crt0.fullpower: 80
hw.acpi.video.crt0.brightness: 80
hw.acpi.video.crt0.active: 1


别人的例子
kldload acpi_video; sysctl hw.acpi.video.lcd0.brightness=30 试试


FreeBSD 下双显示器的设置

pkg 源更新

mkdir -p /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/

vi /usr/local/etc/pkg/repos/FreeBSD.conf
FreeBSD: {
  url: "pkg+http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/freebsd-pkg/${ABI}/quarterly",
}

https://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/help/freebsd-pkg.html

https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/pkgng-intro.html


更新单个软件


这里以firefox为例子 

pkg install firefox #就可以直接升级了 

Installed packages to be UPGRADED:
	firefox: 68.0.1_1,1 -> 69.0.2,1
	telegram: 1.4.1.g20161227_5 -> 1.4.1.g20161227_6
	protobuf: 3.7.1,1 -> 3.9.2,1
	libevent: 2.1.10 -> 2.1.11
	libqtxdg: 3.3.0 -> 3.3.0_1

Installed packages to be REINSTALLED:
	mysql57-server-5.7.27 (direct dependency changed: perl5)

Number of packages to be upgraded: 5
Number of packages to be reinstalled: 1

The operation will free 1 MiB.
64 MiB to be downloaded.

更新ports


在 /etc/make.conf 中添加以下内容(如果文件不存在,则新建之):

MASTER_SITE_OVERRIDE?=http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/freebsd-ports/distfiles/${DIST_SUBDIR}/



cat  /etc/portsnap.conf  | grep cn
SERVERNAME=portsnap.cn.FreeBSD.org

fetch 获取数据
extract 释放全部ports
update 更新ports
第一次使用可以portsnap fetch extract

以后使用可以 portsnap fetch update
portsnap extract; portsnap update

现在的亚洲pkg mirrors
pkg0.twn.freebsd.org

http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/help/freebsd-ports.html

FreeBSD 12 国内源提速 pkg 和 ports 做个笔记


freebsd 安装ports以及加速

使用国内镜像给FreeBSD的Ports安装加速

FreeBSD Fetch和Tar的妙用


怎么看待FreeBSD官方对镜像站的封闭管理

20190808 new add

root@freebsd:/home/evan # cat /etc/fstab
# Custom /etc/fstab for FreeBSD VM images
/dev/gpt/rootfs   /       ufs     rw      1       1
/dev/gpt/swapfs  none    swap    sw      0       0


% echo 'ck-launch-session /usr/local/bin/startlxqt' > ~/.xinitrc

pkg install xorg 


安装:
pkg install xorg
//在/etc/rc.conf文件内添加如下内容:


 cat  /etc/rc.conf
hostname="freebsd"
moused_enable="YES"
moused_nodefault_enable="YES"
dbus_enable="YES"
hald_enable="YES"
ifconfig_DEFAULT="DHCP inet6 accept_rtadv"
sshd_enable="YES"
slim_enable="yes"
#lightdm_enable="YES"


pkg install xrandr   remmina synapse

pkg  install awesome  

pkg install telegram # or pidgim 

https://forums.freebsd.org/threads/running-telegram-gui.51494/

添加 新硬盘 这个会出错 只有在安装时就两个硬盘 并分区就没事


Aug 9 2019

FreeBSD本地化


freebsd 安装ports以及加速

使用国内镜像给FreeBSD的Ports安装加速

FreeBSD Fetch和Tar的妙用


怎么看待FreeBSD官方对镜像站的封闭管理


freebsd12 安装gnome3图形界面


docker on freebsd https://wiki.freebsd.org/Docker

jails



原文链接:https://blog.csdn.net/MoeDisk/article/details/87028238


1 安装 gui 相关

安装

#不用 portnaps 直接pkg 
#昨晚这个默认居然是没有cn的 我去 搞半天 ,还是改一下比较好滴 
vi /etc/portsnap.conf
SERVERNAME=portsnap.cn.FreeBSD.org

#不安装gnome3 就没有gdm,但是没办法单独安装gdm   
pkg install  xorg mate  slim   #没了 xf86-video-fbdev ?

#[Install CINNAMON Desktop Environment]
 pkg install cinnamon
#20170331
#Lightdm is in the ports tree. 
pkg install x11/lightdm

For lightdm to function, it requires one of the available greeters to be
installed, which are available in the ports tree at x11/lightdm-*greeter*

# 记得要添加这个DM Add the following lines to /etc/rc.conf to enable the LightDM:
lightdm_enable="YES"

# pkg install terminology

配置

vi /etc/fstab
proc /proc procfs rw 0 0
sysrc  'hald_enable=YES'  'dbus_enable=YES' 'slim_enable=YES'     #'gdm_enable=YES' 

中文化

 

只有中文化后 才能调用fcitx 五笔哦 不然没中文输入
2019

编辑用户的环境文件:
#vi ~/.cshrc      //增加如下内容
setenv LANG         zh_CN.UTF-8     
setenv LC_CTYPE     zh_CN.UTF-8 
setenv LC_ALL       zh_CN.UTF-8
//添加完后退出当前会话,重新进入。
#locale    //显示当前用户环境
LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8
LC_CTYPE="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_COLLATE="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_TIME="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_NUMERIC="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_MONETARY="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_MESSAGES="zh_CN.UTF-8"
LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8


用户级:
修改用户根目录文件.login_conf: 这个好像加了无效 201908
me:\
        :lang=zh_CN.UTF-8:\
        :setenv=LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8:\
        :setenv=LC_CTYPE=zh_CN.UTF-8:\
        :setenv=LC_COLLATE=zh_CN.UTF-8:\
        :setenv=LC_TIME=zh_CN.UTF-8:\
        :setenv=LC_NUMERIC=zh_CN.UTF-8:\
        :setenv=LC_MONETARY=zh_CN.UTF-8:\
        :setenv=LC_MESSAGES=zh_CN.UTF-8:\
        :charset=UTF-8:\
        :xmodifiers="@im=SCIM": #这里我假设你使用SCIM
在英文界面下运行中文输入法:

startx 开启 gnome 或 gdm 开始登录gnome

我在 ~/.xinitrc中加入了:


cat .xinitrc 
#ck-launch-session /usr/local/bin/startlxqt
exec awesome
export LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8
export LANGUAGE=zh_CN.UTF-8.UTF-8
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8.UTF-8
fcitx &

2019

export LC_CTYPE=“zh_CN.UTF-8” export XMODIFIERS=@im=SCIM export GTK_IM_MODULE=xim export QT_IM_DODULE=xim export XIM_PROGRAM=“scim -d” scim -d



#汉化  第一次失败了 第二再重装一下又好了 2017
$ vi  .xinitrc 
export LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8
export LANGUAGE=zh_CN.UTF-8.UTF-8
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8.UTF-8
#exec mate-session 不用这个 mate 默认没有gdm了 如果用slim 还是要用这个

http://blog.chinaunix.net/uid-20377663-id-114464.html

https://zhidao.baidu.com/question/2203007741278957948.html

https://www.cnblogs.com/misstaste/p/5177011.html


https://www.cnblogs.com/sinx/p/10585930.html

wifi

http://www.puchalian.com/freebsd-wireless-networking-basics.html

https://www.howtoing.com/setting_up_a_freebsd_wlan_access_point/

update ports



SERVERNAME=portsnap.hshh.org


http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/help/freebsd-ports.html



https://www.cnblogs.com/yibinboy/articles/6136704.html




pkg install firefox 

http://mirrors.ustc.edu.cn/help/freebsd-ports.html

https://www.cnblogs.com/yibinboy/articles/6136704.html

https://blog.csdn.net/lanzh_syf/article/details/86599445

输入法

install

# fcitx wubi  在xfce 是成功的
##记得 一定要加上chinese/ 不然是pkg 不到东西的  #fcitx-qt5 qt支持 不然在telegarm不能打字 
pkg install chinese/fcitx  chinese/fcitx-configtool chinese/fcitx-table-extra  chinese/fcitx-ui-light fcitx-qt5
 

configure



fcitx-diagnose  #查看相关的模块 非常不错的命令

vi .cshrc

#Note just for csh
setenv LANG         zh_CN.UTF-8
setenv LC_CTYPE     zh_CN.UTF-8
setenv LC_ALL       zh_CN.UTF-8

# evan 4 fcitx 
setenv  XMODIFIERS @im=fcitx
setenv  GTK_IM_MODULE fcitx
setenv  QT_IM_MODULE fcitx
setenv  XIM=fcitx


下面这些只是提示而已 

③如果使用的Shell是bash或sh:
cat .cshrc

export XMODIFIERS='@im=fcitx'
export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export QT_IM_MODULE=fcitx

我暂时是这个哦 
④如果使用的Shell是csh或tcsh :
setenv  XMODIFIERS @im=fcitx
setenv  GTK_IM_MODULE fcitx
setenv  QT_IM_MODULE fcitx
⑤开机启动设置
系统-->首选项-->启动应用程序
添加fcitx




evan@home:~ % cat .xinitrc 
export LC_ALL=zh_CN.UTF-8
export LANGUAGE=zh_CN.UTF-8.UTF-8
export LANG=zh_CN.UTF-8.UTF-8
export XMODIFIERS='@im=fcitx'	
export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
export GTK3_IM_MODULE=fcitx

mkdir -p ~/.config/autostart/
cp /usr/local/share/applications/fcitx.desktop     ~/.config/autostart/


pkg  prompt 
Message from zh-fcitx-4.2.9.6_2:

************************************************************************

Remember to set the environment variable XMODIFIERS:

        csh/tcsh:       setenv XMODIFIERS @im=fcitx
        sh/bash:        export XMODIFIERS='@im=fcitx'

For GTK+ programs, you may want to set:

        csh/tcsh:       setenv GTK_IM_MODULE fcitx
                        setenv GTK3_IM_MODULE fcitx
        sh/bash:        export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
                        export GTK3_IM_MODULE=fcitx

For Qt4 programs, we recommend you to use

        qtconfig-qt4: /usr/ports/misc/qt4-qtconfig

instead of to manually set QT4_IM_MODULE.

To start fcitx with your desktop, just

        cp /usr/local/share/applications/fcitx.desktop \
            ~/.config/autostart/

************************************************************************
Message from zh-fcitx-ui-light-0.1.3_2:

************************************************************************

Replace your `fcitx` command with
        fcitx -u fcitx-light-ui
to start Fcitx with this lightweight UI.

**************************************************************



[Writing Chinese, Japanese, Korean in FreeBSD with fcitx]

ops and develop

pkg install git  rsync sudo vim bash   terminal anjuta vsftp  xfce4-terminal gcc
echo 'evan ALL=(ALL) NOPASSWD:NOPASSWD:ALL' >/usr/local/etc/sudoers.d/evan

pkg install  python
https://docs.python.org/2.7/using/unix.html
https://docs.python.org/3.3/using/unix.html

# python  ide 
 pkg install python  intellij-pycharm
ln -s /usr/local/bin/python2  /usr/bin/python


pkg install editors/emacs
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/en/books/developers-handbook/emacs.html

pkg install terminator

#dig 
 pkg  install  dns/bind-tools

更改freebsd shell为bash vi 为vim

install

pkg install bash vim 
root@home:~ # where  vi
/usr/bin/vi

mv /usr/bin/vi /usr/bin/bakvi && ln -s /usr/local/bin/vim  /usr/bin/vi

设置bash

evan# whereis bash
bash: /usr/local/bin/bash 

#sudo mv /bin/sh /bin/bak_sh

##做了下面这个ln 以后我们把平时在linux下跑的 shell 脚本拿到freebsd跑,也绝大部分没问题了
ln -s /usr/local/bin/bash /bin/bash
#ln -s /usr/local/bin/bash /bin/sh

tcsh -s /bin/bash
tcsh -s /usr/local/bin/bash
evan# chsh -s /usr/local/bin/bash
chsh: user information updated
注销重启后 如下 搞定
[root@evan ~]# echo $SHELL
/usr/local/bin/bash


#anjuta log
===========================================================================
Note that some standard Python modules are provided as separate ports
as they require additional dependencies. They are available as:

py35-gdbm       databases/py35-gdbm
py35-sqlite3    databases/py35-sqlite3
py35-tkinter    x11-toolkits/py35-tkinter
===========================================================================

applications

终端

sudo pkg install tilda


health

sudo pkg install  redshift

rednotebook

sudo ln -s /usr/local/bin/bash /bin/bash
sudo pkg install py36-yaml

sudo python3.6 setup.py install

https://www.freshports.org/devel/py-yaml/

http://bbs.chinaunix.net/thread-3568241-1-1.html

ss

ss
 pkg install shadowsocks-libev
 # or cd /usr/ports/net/shadowsocks-libev/ && make install clean


Chrome通过shadowsocks翻墙

Document Viewers

 sudo pkg install   Okular    epdfview   #Okular好用 #mupdf 只有命令行界面  # atril 好用 但是是安装上整个mate桌面

https://www.freebsd.org/doc/en_US.ISO8859-1/books/handbook/desktop-viewers.html

IM

telegram

 sudo pkg install telegram-desktop # 其它都不对 sudo pkg install telegram  #/usr/ports/net-im/telegram && make install clean

IRC

  sudo pkg install hexchat konversation

影音

pkg install vlc audacious   multimedia/audacious-plugins archivers/unzip  mplayer  gnome-mplayer 

ftp

service 自带了ftp 
FreeBSD includes FTP server software, ftpd, in the base system.
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/en/books/handbook/network-ftp.html
#ftp client 
pkg install filezilla

Browsers

pkg install  midori falkon  chromium  firefox #这个在配置那里就可以选择 add 中文 

falkon
ld-elf.so.1: /usr/local/lib/qt5/libQt5Core.so.5: version Qt_5.13 required by /usr/local/bin/falkon not found




https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/desktop-browsers.html

## log 
Message from chromium-56.0.2924.87_1:
For correct operation, shared memory support has to be enabled
in Chromium by performing the following command as root :

sysctl kern.ipc.shm_allow_removed=1

To preserve this setting across reboots, append the following
to /etc/sysctl.conf :

kern.ipc.shm_allow_removed=1


安装flashplayer插件

安装 nspluginwrapper  this is  only for firefox ?
cd /usr/ports/www/nspluginwrapper    
make    
make install
安装 linux-c6-flashplugin11
cd /usr/ports/www/linux-c6-flashplugin11   
make  
make install
执行nspluginwrapper -v -a -i
若报错Kernel too old, 执行命令sysctl compat.linux.osrelease=2.6.18
修改/etc/sysctl.conf, 增加compat.linux.osrelease=2.6.18
修改/etc/fstab
linproc /usr/compat/linux/proc linprocfs rw 0 0



#这个是 也是手册上的哦 
cd /usr/ports/www/linux-flashplayer
make install clean 


备注

安装步骤参考FreeBSD Handbook
安装nspluginwrapper会安装linux_base-c6
注意安装的版本

https://www.freebsd.org/doc/en/books/handbook/desktop-browsers.html

Firefox/Flash on FreeBSD

remmina

pkg install remmina
#默认没有rdp 等协议
To install the port: cd /usr/ports/net/remmina-plugins/ && make install clean
To add the package: pkg install remmina-plugins

https://forums.freebsd.org/threads/rdp-or-vnc-for-access-to-remote-windows-machine.53651/

https://www.freshports.org/net/remmina-plugins/

文件管理器

pcmanfm

edit

pkg install madedit gedit geany 

svn

pkg install subversion && pkg install kdesvn  # or esvn

Svn基础

在FreeBSD上安装SVN(Subversion)

office

libreoffice


pushd  /usr/ports/chinese/libreoffice-zh_CN  && sudo make  install clean

LibreOffice 中文社区

虚拟化

#FreeBSD as a Host with VirtualBox
sudo pkg install emulators/virtualbox-ose 

#普通用户启动
sudo pw groupmod vboxusers -m evan

sudo sysrc vboxnet_enable

#现在是这样启动的
sudo virtualbox
 

note

=============================================================================

VirtualBox was installed.

You need to load the vboxdrv kernel module via /boot/loader.conf:

vboxdrv_load="YES"

You also have to add all users to your vboxusers group in order to use vbox.

% pw groupmod vboxusers -m jerry

Reboot the machine to load the needed kernel modules.


Bridging Support:
=================

For bridged networking please add the following line to your /etc/rc.conf:

vboxnet_enable="YES"


USB Support:
============

For USB support your user needs to be in the operator group and needs read

and write permissions to the USB device.

% pw groupmod operator -m jerry

Add the following to /etc/devfs.rules (create if it doesn't exist):

[system=10]
add path 'usb/*' mode 0660 group operator

To load these new rule add the following to /etc/rc.conf:

devfs_system_ruleset="system"

Then restart devfs to load the new rules:

% /etc/rc.d/devfs restart


Troubleshooting:
================

Running VirtualBox as non-root user may fail with a fatal error
NS_ERROR_FACTORY_NOT_REGISTERED. In this case delete /tmp/.vbox-*-ipc file.
If you experience "Network: write Failed: Cannot allocate memory" errors
try to increase net.graph.maxdata in /boot/loader.conf

If you are using AIO, then increase these limits (PR#168298):
vfs.aio.max_buf_aio=8192
vfs.aio.max_aio_queue_per_proc=65536
vfs.aio.max_aio_per_proc=8192
vfs.aio.max_aio_queue=65536
To check if AIO is used use: kldstat -v | grep aio

Check wiki page for known issues and troubleshooting:
http://wiki.freebsd.org/VirtualBox

Please report any problems to emulation@. Thanks!

https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/virtualization-host-virtualbox.html

https://wiki.freebsd.org/VirtualBox

FREENAS虚拟机Jails配置全攻略(多篇集合)

server

redis

#redis 3.x compli
gmaek -j2 && sudo gmake  install

/usr/local/bin/redis-server

#自启动
cat  /etc/rc.local
/usr/local/bin/redis-server > /dev/null  

#这个不行 Ambiguous output redirect
/usr/local/bin/redis-server > /dev/null   2 > &1

or
/usr/local/etc/rc.d下面放你的脚本 




cd /usr/ports/databases/redis
make
/usr/local/etc/rc.d/redis start
/usr/local/bin/redis-cli



FreeBSD下安装redis以及redis_py

docker

https://wiki.freebsd.org/Docker

参考

https://www.c0ffee.net/blog/freebsd-on-a-laptop/

FreeBSD 与 RISC-V: 开源物联网生态系统的未来

https://wiki.freebsdchina.org/software/a/awesome

使用FreeBSD作为桌面操作系统


FreeBSD 桌面系统常用软件清单

FreeBSD 配置经验

FreeBSD桌面-Xfce4

FreeBSD 7 Xorg7.3 KDE3.5 桌面系统安装及美化

gitbooks.io freebsd

FreeBSD Developers' Handbook

ecmacs

Freebsd 9.0+LXDE桌面安装


FreeBSD笔记常用命令

Choose the best Desktop for FreeBSD

https://cooltrainer.org/a-freebsd-desktop-howto/


如何使用Remmina从 Linux 上连接到远程桌面


配置FreeBSD 10.0(amd64)fvwm桌面

安装远程桌面,VNC Server on FreeBSD + VNC Viewer on Windows

截图

flameshot

pkg install flameshot

图形

 gimp

development

Eclipse

mysql

Message from mysql57-server-5.7.27:
*****************************************************************************

Remember to run mysql_upgrade the first time you start the MySQL server
after an upgrade from an earlier version.

Initial password for first time use of MySQL is saved in $HOME/.mysql_secret
ie. when you want to use "mysql -u root -p" first you should see password
in /root/.mysql_secret

MySQL57 has a default %%ETCDIR%%/my.cnf,
remember to replace it wit your own
or set `mysql_optfile="$YOUR_CNF_FILE` in rc.conf.

*****************************************************************************
Message from akonadi-19.04.2_1:

===============================================================================

KDE Applications versions of Akonadi, KMail, and Kontact use large
messages on the local machine. The default size on FreeBSD is too
small, which causes local connection problems, and Akonadi-based
applications will be flaky (e.g. mailboxes do not display, messages
cannot be found). Increasing the buffer size is recommended:

	sysctl net.local.stream.recvspace=65536
	sysctl net.local.stream.sendspace=65536

===============================================================================

有用的

启用、安装linxu内核。
#kldload linux
#ee /etc/rc.conf
linux_enable=”YES”
#cd /usr/ports/www/linux_base-f10 && make install clean
先安装linux的flash10插件
cd /usr/ports/www/linux-f10-flashplugin10
make install clean (这一步会把libflashplayer.so安装在/usr/local/lib/npapi/linux-f10-flashplugin/libflashplayer.so)
再安装nspluginwrapper
cd /usr/ports/www/nspluginwrapper
make install clean
兼容转换
nspluginwrapper -v -i /usr/local/lib/npapi/linux-f10-flashplugin/libflashplayer.so(这一步会在/usr/local/lib/browser_plugins/ 下生成能在freebsd下使用的npwrapper.libflashplayer.so文件 )
最后把插件链接到chromium插件目录下
ln -s /usr/local/lib/browser_plugins/npwrapper.libflashplayer.so /usr/local/share/chromium/plugins/
与此同时firefox也可以进行视频播放了,如果还不可以,可以到网上去看看其他教程.

old输入法

FreeBSD 下安装输入法

FreeBSD安装汉字输入法:SCIM

如何配置scim(或skim)

IBus (简体中文)


ibus-table-chinese Chinese input tables for IBus

other




 sed -i '' -e 's/memorylocked=128M/memorylocked=256M/' /etc/login.conf
# cap_mkdb /etc/login.conf



Remember to set the environment variable XMODIFIERS:

	csh/tcsh:	setenv XMODIFIERS @im=fcitx
	sh/bash:	export XMODIFIERS='@im=fcitx'

For GTK+ programs, you may want to set:

	csh/tcsh:	setenv GTK_IM_MODULE fcitx
			setenv GTK3_IM_MODULE fcitx
	sh/bash:	export GTK_IM_MODULE=fcitx
			export GTK3_IM_MODULE=fcitx






For Qt4 programs, we recommend you to use

	qtconfig-qt4: /usr/ports/misc/qt4-qtconfig

instead of to manually set QT4_IM_MODULE.

To start fcitx with your desktop, just

	cp /usr/local/share/applications/fcitx.desktop \
	    ~/.config/autostart/

************************************************************************
Message from zh-fcitx-ui-light-0.1.3_2:

************************************************************************

Replace your `fcitx` command with
	fcitx -u fcitx-light-ui
to start Fcitx with this lightweight UI.

0.
#添加到管理员组
pw groupmod wheel -m evan 

#enable ssh
 sysrc 'sshd_enable=YES'


 cat  /etc/rc.conf
zfs_enable="YES"
hostname="digitalocean"
ifconfig_vtnet0="dhcp"
sshd_enable="YES"
nginx_enable="YES"
php_fpm_enable="YES"
mysql_enable="YES"
redis_enable="YES"
shadowsocks_libev_enable="YES"



# set time
 ntpdate cn.pool.ntp.org

#添加新硬盘到 home 给evan 使用



fstab 
evan@homebsd:~/kalibak % cat /etc/fstab 
# Device	Mountpoint	FStype	Options	Dump	Pass#
/dev/ada0p1	none		swap	sw	0	0
/dev/ada0p3	/		ufs	rw	1	1
/dev/ada0p4	/home		ufs	rw	2	2
proc /proc procfs rw 0 0


Display manager
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Display_manager_(%E7%AE%80%E4%BD%93%E4%B8%AD%E6%96%87)

FreeBSD从入门到放弃
https://linxiaohui.gitbooks.io/notes-on-freebsd/content/



Tencent QQ (简体中文)
https://wiki.archlinux.org/index.php/Tencent_QQ_(%E7%AE%80%E4%BD%93%E4%B8%AD%E6%96%87)#.E5.9F.BA.E4.BA.8E_WebQQ


Installing a Desktop Environment on FreeBSD
https://www.freebsdfoundation.org/freebsd/how-to-guides/installing-a-desktop-environment-on-freebsd/#!


How to Install FreeBSD 10.2 with Mate Desktop
http://linoxide.com/linux-how-to/install-freebsd-10-2-mate-desktop/


https://wiki.lxde.org/en/FreeBSD

Installing Mate desktop on FreeBSD 11
http://www.vpierre.it/installing-mate-desktop-on-freebsd-11/

fetch 获取数据
extract 释放全部ports
update 更新ports
第一次使用可以 portsnap fetch extract
以后使用可以 portsnap fetch update
portsnap   extract;  portsnap update

如果写在cron可以用 portsnap cron update

FreeBSD 简明用户指南
install gnome3  kde4 xfce etc 
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/x11-wm.html

Browsers
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/desktop-browsers.html
pkg install firefox 
pkg install swfdec-plugin


MP3 Audio
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/sound-mp3.html

https://bsdelf.github.io/posts/freebsd-brief-user-guide

https://huataihuang.gitbooks.io/cloud-atlas/content/os/freebsd/packages_and_ports.html

https://antumdeluge.wordpress.com/2014/07/19/how-to-install-freebsd/

FreeBSD简单汉化终结篇[基于core font的汉化]
http://bbs.watchstor.com/thread-274706-1-1.html

**********************


安装Firefox的多国语言包
#pkg install firefox35-i18n

你太善良》是香港歌手张智霖,
张惠妹 放开你的头脑


就两个文件 另外一个freebsd10 4 desktop 

program/kindlereader 


 Official Mirrors
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/eresources-web.html
 
SERVERNAME=portsnap.FreeBSD.org
SERVERNAME=portsnap.cn.FreeBSD.org

portsnap fetch extract



桌面相关的官方文档 
https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/x11-wm.html

echo 'exec enlightenment_start'  >> ~/.xinitrc

##xfce  这个也是成功了 字体好看  不过是英文的呢喃 加上汉化的就行了 
 pkg install xfce
 
#昨天今天就是少了这一步 看来要多提高英文水平哦 
Unlike GNOME or KDE, Xfce does not provide its own login manager. In order to start Xfce from the command line by typing startx, first add its entry to ~/.xinitrc:

% echo "exec /usr/local/bin/startxfce4 --with-ck-launch" > ~/.xinitrc 
 

##gnome3 

pkg install gnome3  vlc 

have gdm can not add this 
#echo 'exec gnome-session'  >> ~/.xinitrc


http://blog.linuxchina.net/?p=993

https://www.freebsd.org/doc/handbook/x11-wm.html
https://antumdeluge.wordpress.com/2014/07/19/how-to-install-freebsd/

https://forums.freebsd.org/threads/57329/

Installing Mate desktop on FreeBSD 11
http://www.vpierre.it/installing-mate-desktop-on-freebsd-11/

优化


sendmail_enable="NONE"

old


###fvwm 
FreeBSD汉化+FVWM
http://zqscm.qiniucdn.com/data/20090728100241/index.html

1 中文环境
  pkg_add -r zh-auto-ch-l10n
  这个命令好像作了不少事情,我忘记是否下载了wenquanyi字体,没有的话,再手动来一遍
 pkg_add -r wqy
  下边的不知道是不是必须的
  在设置好xorg.conf中fontpath的前题下,执行
   fc-cache -fv,让系统加入wqy字体
  输入法如果没下载的话,可以
 pkg_add -r fcitx,我是用五笔的
 然后,配置中文的locale


  在~/.chsrc里,增加
 setenv LANG zh_CN.eucCN
  setenv LC_CTYPE zh_CN.eucCN
 setenv LC_ALL zh_CN.eucCN
  上边是中文local,lc_all好像不是必须要设置的
 下边设置输入法
  setenv XMODIFIERS @im=fcitx

2 fvwm,这个东西小快,够用了
  pkg_add -r fvwm

3 使用fvwm作为桌面
  在~下,找一下有没有.xinitrc文件,没有就搞一个出来
  内容是
  exec fvwm
  如果要输入法也一并启动则为
  fcitx&
    exec fvwm

see also

Linux 相关资料

Linux桌面常用软件列表 (2019


linux下几个常用软件


24 款必备的 Linux 桌面应用(2016 版)

http://www.chinafreebsd.cn/article/59da3fa39561e


freenas Mount ext4 partition http://blog.linuxchina.net/?p=1782

linux: mount UFS filesystem http://blog.linuxchina.net/?p=1776

Linux® 用户的 FreeBSD 快速入门向导 https://www.freebsd.org/doc/zh_CN/articles/linux-users/index.html


https://freebsdchina.org/forum/topic_63558.html

https://www.enlightenment.org/distros/freebsd-start

https://www.freebsd.org/doc/zh_CN.UTF-8/books/handbook/updating-upgrading-portsnap.html

https://www.trueos.org/handbook/preinstall.html